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Panel Tests

  • Albumin Serum/Plasma
Albumin Serum/Plasma

ANALYTE: Albumin serum/ plasma
DESCRIPTION: Albumin is a protein made by the liver that keeps fluid from leaking out of blood vessels, nourishes tissues, and transports hormones, vitamins, drugs, and substances like calcium throughout the body.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Albumin level is a general indicator of nutritional status and used to assess liver and kidney function.
REFERENCE INTERVALS FOR ADULTS: 3.5-5.2 g/dl
CLINICAL INTERPRETATION:

INCREASE IN:  Dehydration.

DECREASE IN:  Starvation, burns, kidney disease, liver disease.


  • Adenosine Deaminase (ADA)
Adenosine Deaminase (ADA)

ANALYTE:  ADA
DESCRIPTION:  An Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is a protein that is produced by cells throughout the body and is associated with the activation of lymphocytes that plays a role in the immune response to infections.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE:  The ADA test is used as an adjunct test to help rule in or rule out tuberculosis

REFERENCE INTERVALS FOR ADULTS:

CLINICAL INTERPRETATION:

Fluid:

Normal: <30 U/L
Suspect: 30 – 40 U/L
Strong suspect :> 40-60 U/L
Positive: >60 U/L

INCREASE IN:  Tuberculosis, Infectious Mononucleosis, Viral Hepatitis and Malignancy.

DECREASE IN: NA

  • Allergy screening
Allergy screening

ANALYTE: Allergy screening
DESCRIPTION: Eighty common allergens are screened for
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Person with signs or symptoms that suggest an allergy to one or more  substances
REFERENCE INTERVALS FOR ADULTS: Negative /Positive.
CLINICAL INTERPRETATION:

POSITIVE: Indicates that the person likely has an allergy

NEGATIVE: Indicate that a person probably does not have a true allergy.


  • Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)

ANALYTE: Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
DESCRIPTION: An enzyme found in many tissues, especially Liver, bone, intestine and kidney.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Assess to detect bone disease and liver disease
REFERENCE INTERVALS FOR ADULTS: 98-279 U/L.

CLINICAL INTERPRETATION:

INCREASE IN: Liver disease, bone disease and periods of bone growth

DECREASE IN: Low phosphate, hypothyroidism, pernicious anemia

  • Allergy screening
Allergy screening

ANALYTE: Allergy screening
DESCRIPTION: Eighty common allergens are screened for
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Person with signs or symptoms that suggest an allergy to one or more  substances
REFERENCE INTERVALS FOR ADULTS: Negative /Positive.
CLINICAL INTERPRETATION:

POSITIVE: Indicates that the person likely has an allergy

NEGATIVE: Indicate that a person probably does not have a true allergy.


  • Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)

ANALYTE: Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
DESCRIPTION: An enzyme found in many tissues, especially Liver, bone, intestine and kidney.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Assess to detect bone disease and liver disease
REFERENCE INTERVALS FOR ADULTS: 98-279 U/L.

CLINICAL INTERPRETATION:

INCREASE IN: Liver disease, bone disease and periods of bone growth

DECREASE IN: Low phosphate, hypothyroidism, pernicious anemia


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